After the tumour is removed, a doctor will rely on the final pathology of the tumour to determine the grade of cancer. The grade of cancer may determine:

  • What type of treatment(s) are necessary
  • How much treatment a patient may receive.

“Low-grade” cancers generally require less treatment, and can often be managed with surgery alone.  However, “high-grade” cancers often require multiple treatments, such as surgery and radiation. In select circumstances, chemotherapy may also be added with radiation.  In other instances, the care team may decide that the cancer is “intermediate-grade” and will provide a treatment plan that is right for the patient.